Some skeptics see belief in any god as blind, illogical faith. That is to say, society’s harsher critics often assert that Christian belief is nothing more than wishful thinking for those who want eternal life. Others give believers credit for being rational even though they vehemently disagree with their conclusions about life’s origin and purpose.
Christians, on the other hand, believe that a god exists. In fact, their faith is in the Triune God of the Holy Bible and they love and worship Him as God. Christians believe that He is the only true God in existence. Furthermore, Christians believe that Jesus of Nazareth is the Christ, Lord, and Savior of mankind. Do they believe these things because of cultural or familial influences alone or, have they arrived at reasoned conclusions?
The purpose of this web document isn’t simply to respond to the critics of Christianity. Our principal intent is to provide a chain of logically sound arguments that take us from Cause to Christ.
Herein, we intend to answer two (2) basic questions:
1.) Is theism true?
2.) If theism is true, who is God?
The Existence of Truth
“Every religion, philosophy, or worldview makes truth-claims. Whether you turn to a Buddhist, a Muslim, a Hindu, a Christian, a pagan, or even a secular humanist atheist, he or she will attempt to offer truth-claims or explanations for our experience of the world and our experience of ourselves.” – Brent Cunningham
One of the greatest challenges to any belief system is the popular belief that absolute truth does not exist. If truth is relative and absolutes do not exist, how can one say that Christian doctrines are true? Certainly no rational, honest person wants to believe a lie, but the problem we’re forced to countenance is determining precisely what truth is. see: 1.) Why Truth Matters
“The nature of truth is critical to an effective Christian apologetics. If we are to have a workable apologetics, it is not enough that we simply think or say that something is true. It is also essential that we have a some notion of what mean when we say something is true – that is, what kind of thing truth is.” – Thomas Provenzola, The Popular Encyclopedia of Apologetics ISBN978-0-7369-2084-1
There are several theories of truth. For now, let’s look only at two basic concepts of what truth is.
1.) Truth is subjective
According to this view, truth is only a matter of personal perception and mentally modified by individual bias. Proponents of this view contend that what’s true for one person is not necessarily true for another. This view tends to coddle fragile dispositions and its proponents may have good intentions but are they correct in their view? They are correct in saying that subjective truths exist but incorrect in claiming that absolutes do not exist.
2.) Truth corresponds to reality
In this view, truth is absolute and, therefore, an objective reality- that is, truth corresponds to reality (cf. correspondence theory). Proponents of this view would ask, “How can something like truth belong to an individual or be subject to their bias?” Whether everyone or no one believes a particular proposition, it’s either true or it isn’t. Truth is not dependent upon any person’s willingness to believe it.
It is important to note that both types of truth exist. For example, “I love the smell of roses” is a subjective proposition and may very well be a truthfully expression one’s opinion. Yet subjective truths of this type are dependent upon objective truth. Do roses exist? Yes, this is an objective, absolute truth and gives at least some validity to the proposition. Is the person making the aforementioned statement being truthful? That is hard to prove or disprove. Assuming that they are being truthful, that’s another example of an objective truth.
How do we arrive at the truth?
see: Does Truth Matter? Can Truth be known? (section being updated – more to come soon)
Origin of the Universe
1.) What is the Universe?
Simple Definition of universe: all of space and everything in it including stars, planets, galaxies, etc.[soure link]
2.) Currently, the predominant model of the Universe is the “Big Bang”
Most astronomers think that the Universe was formed during an event called the Big Bang – a giant explosion which occurred between 10 and 20 billion years ago. During the Big Bang, all of the space, time, matter, and energy in the Universe was created.
Why is this topic important?
The Universe either had a beginning or, it has always existed. So, the theistic implications are obvious. As we will see in the Kalam Cosmological Argument, theism asserts that, if the Universe had a beginning, it must have been created. Therefore, it matters very much which model of the Universe corresponds to reality.
The question of causation
See our article: Causality, Principle of – David Ragland
Origin of Life – The next beginning
Other arguments for theism
Argument from Consciousness
Argument from Morality See also: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (skeptical view, but well presented)
Argument from Miracles
Argument from Reason
Argument from the World as an Interacting Whole
Argument from Truth
Argument from the Origin of the Idea of God
Gödel’s ontological proof
Argument from Desire
Argument from Aesthetic Experience
Argument from Religious Experience
Common Consent Argument
Who is God?